As the 24/7 relief camps struggle to keep up with provisions demand and reels under lack of infrastructure, the spirit of the people of Kerala has not diminished even after the devastating floods obliterated the environment and the economy of the state of Kerala.
One of the most popular tourist destinations in the world, Kerala, known globally as ‘God’s own Country’ is home to over 30 million people. The state once hailed for the beautiful backwaters, forests, and distinctive culture is now besieged under the natural calamity.
Flash flood that hit the West Flood Canal (Kanal Banjir Barat), which is the downstream of Garang River (Kali Garang) in 1990, still left some terrible memory for the locals. During the event, many of them witnessed how their neighbors and even families fell victims, lost their lives and possessions. According to the incident record, the flash flood in that year inundated more than 100 houses and claimed 47 lives. Material loss was estimated to be at 8.5 billion rupiahs. The flood can be considered as one of the worst that ever occurred in Semarang City.
Flood resilience within the Garang Watershed in Central Java has at the least involved two main regions which are Semarang Regency and Semarang City. Semarang Regency, which is located in the upstream area, is ecologically important in terms of flood management that could affect the mid- and downstream area. Therefore, it is important to maintain the quality of the ecosystem and its services that contribute to flood prevention such as the storm water management.
According to BNPB (Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management), more than 93% of disasters in Indonesia are hydrometeorological disasters. Out of 2,341 disaster events, 787 were caused by flooding. Some of the affected areas share the same watershed, which has proved to share trans-boundary waters that are facing increasing demands for basin development collaboration.
By 2050, the United Nations predicts 64% of Asia’s population will live in urban settings. With growing population and rapid urban growth, most Asian countries are now facing the consequences of the unplanned urbanization, where open green spaces and wetlands are now covered in cityscapes. Therefore, heavy rain has nowhere to go, and floods are continuing become a major challenge for the countries in the region.