Cities are highly complex systems with an array of spatial and temporal layers that can react very differently to adverse events and cause long-lasting complicated problems. This is especially true for problems caused by climate change. Urban climate change resilience (UCCR) is of utmost importance so cities can bounce back when they experience shocks.
In order to build UCCR, ACCCRN has developed a process with six crucial elements:
- Engagement: Building interest and sustaining engagement.
- Assessment: Understanding the city, e.g. its current and future climate challenges, its vulnerable groups and sectors, etc. is important to identify next steps.
- Planning: Developing a City Resilience Strategy that identifies priority actions, timeframes, and local capacities to climate shocks.
- Action: Implementing the priority actions from the City Resilience Strategy while staying flexible in order to adapt plans to new evidence and changing conditions.
- Learning: Reflecting, monitoring and evaluating actions taken and find out what worked well and what did not in order to find areas for further analysis and development.
- Involving multiple stakeholders: Stakeholders need to be involved along the whole process, so they need spaces where they can collectively contribute and discuss each step.
This process can be applied to many different cities and context thanks to its adaptable guidelines. Engagement in the community of an informal urban settlement can look very different to engagement in the community of a university quarter. So, how the process is actually applied is completely up to the individual context of the community that uses it. It is more decentralised than top-down approaches and thus more inclusive.
To learn more about UCCR, ACCCRN and its partners have a range of resources available. These include:
- Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (2015). Ten cities, four countries, five years: Lessons on the process of building urban climate change resilience.
- Kernaghan, Sam, and Jo da Silva. Initiating and sustaining action: Experiences building resilience to climate change in Asian cities. Urban Climate 7 (2014): 47-63.